- Disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these. It substantially affects a persons life activities and may be present from birth or occur during a persons lifetime.
Some examples of common disabilities you may find are: Vision impairments, Deaf or hard of hearing, mental health conditions, intellectual disability, acquired brain injury, Autism spectrum disorder, physical disability.
Lack of adequate power, strength, or physical or mental ability; incapacity.
A physical or mental handicap, especially one that prevents a person from living a full, normal life or holding a gainful job…
Different terms have been used for people with disabilities in different times and places. Disability or impairment are commonly used, as are more specific terms, such as blind or visually impaired.
- Jobs offered to people with disabilities are scares.
Disability and poverty may form a vicious circle, in which physical barriers and stigma of disability make it more difficult to get income, which in turn diminishes access to health care and other necessities for a healthy life. The world report on disability indicates that half of all people with disabilities cannot afford health care, compared to a third without disabilities. In countries without public services for adults with disabilities, their families may be more poverty driven.
(Shown in Notebook 1, page 74 – 77)