Memory

The mental capacity or faculty of retaining and reviving facts, events, impressions, etc., or of recalling or recognising previous experiences.

  • This length of time over which recollection extends.
  • The state or fact of being remembered.

The ability of the mind to store and recall past sensations, thoughts, knowledge, etc. “He can do it from memory.”

Stages of memory are encoding, storage and retrieval. We draw in our past experiences in order to use the information in the present.

Encoding is the first stage of memory, this is when we are exposed to information of any kind, we take the information and begin processing it in visual, acoustic and semantic form. Meaning we take information, either as a picture, or a sound or that we give the information meaning.

Storing information is secondary arid is about keeping the information available so that it can be recalled at a later point. The two main types of memory are:

  • Short-term memory (STM).
  • Long-term memory (LTM).

Final stage is being retrieval, this is whether or not you will need to be able to remember it automatically, so naturally recalling. Example, learning to ride a bike once, you will more than likely recall it down the life line. Or a piece of information you need in context with more intense information.

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(Shown in Notebook 1, page 78 – 79)